The Hopi Indians
The Hopi Indians were considered a sub tribe of the Pueblo Indians, hailing from Arizona, but they spoke a different language. The word Hopi means peaceful ones, or hopeful. Hopi Indians lived in pueblos, which are homes made of mud and stones (dried clay). Corn was the most common food grown and eaten on the land, with over 24 different varieties, although yellow and blue were the most popular. Squash, beans, pumpkins, and other various fruits were also grown and eaten.
Artwork and pottery were very important parts of
Hopi life. Intricately woven rugs were often made, and pottery was especially
important. The pottery was made of wet clay and then buried under the
sand until it dried. Each piece told a story and was used for everything
from bathing to cooking. The environment in which the Hopi Indians lived
was very warm and dry. They wore very little clothing and adorned themselves
with feathers and wildflowers. The evenings could get cool and they
would keep warm by using their blankets and gathering around a fire.
The Hopi performed a ritualistic snake dance that is said to bring good
luck and prosper to the tribe. They also perform many other dances and
rituals. Today, many groups are working hard to preserve their way of
life and the pueblos that still stand throughout the state of Arizona.